The liver is one of the essential and the largest solid organs in the body. It helps remove toxins from the blood supply, regulates blood clotting, and maintains healthy blood sugar levels. One of the best aspects of the liver is it can recover itself from any damage. However, when the liver damage is in excess, a patient will mostly require a liver transplant. Many people often wonder about the life expectancy after a liver transplant. In this article, we will talk about it in detail.
Reasons for Liver Transplant
A doctor may suggest a liver transplant when the patient is at the end-stage of liver disease and has high blood pressure in the portal vein. Also, a doctor recommends a transplant when a person’s life is in danger without a transplant. A liver transplant can be an effective option for liver failure or chronic liver disease. The most common reason for liver transplant is Cirrhosis. It replaces healthy liver tissue with scarred one. The major causes of Cirrhosis are:
- Metabolic disorders
- Alcohol abuse
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
- Chronic hepatitis B or C
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Biliary Atresia, a chronic disease of the liver in newborns
After analyzing all the aspects related to a liver transplant surgery, your doctor will weigh if the surgery would be successful and if yes, to what extent. If a person has another chronic condition like cancer, he/she may not be an ideal candidate for a liver transplant.
Liver Transplant and Life Expectancy after the surgery
Liver Transplant, also known as hepatic transplant, is a surgical process in which a damaged liver is replaced with a healthy one. The new liver can be either given by a relative or from a brain-dead individual. The life expectancy of a liver transplant depends on various factors. These are the age, reason for the transplant, drugs response, and co-morbidities. Most people with liver transplants live for over ten years, and many live for up to 20 years.
Even, a study says that around 90% of people with liver transplants live for at least one year, and 70% of them may live for at least five years. However, there are chances of transplanted liver failure or return of the original disease. That is why it is important that your physician monitors your recovery after the transplant procedure. For that, you need regular blood tests and take anti-rejection medications for the rest of your life.
Although doctors carefully monitor patients to prevent complications, most patients still have certain challenges after a liver transplant in India. These challenges include:
- Recurrence of liver disease
- Transplant rejection
- Cancer (skin cancer in general)
- Infections like Hepatitis C, E, and B
- High blood pressure
A liver transplant takes around 6-12 months to get back to normal activities. In the first year, patients have to attend many medical appointments without fail. These are essential to remaining healthy. Lifelong anti-rejection medications are also required post-transplant. Besides this, people should avoid the intake of alcohol and refrain from smoking. The consequences of ignoring medical advice could be fatal and serious.
Rejection occurs when the immune system rejects the new organ. Although it can be controlled, in a few cases, rejection leads to implant failure. The liver donated by a living donor has more success rate than those who get it from a deceased donor.
For patients who receive liver transplants from a deceased owner, the survival rates are as follows:
- 86% for one year
- 78% for three years
- 72% for five years
The survival rate of up to 20 years is only possible 50% for patients. Certainly, over the years, the life expectancy and success rate of liver transplant patients have increased. If the patient follows the doctor’s advice, there will be more chances of living longer.
The outcomes of liver transplants depend on various factors, such as the overall health, type of health facility, and the surgical procedure.
So, if you are looking for the best centers that offer liver transplants, Lyfboat offers you the best hospitals and surgeons information. You can choose the best hospital that offers high success rates along with the cost. For more information, please visit our website.
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